Bio-waste, especially food and green waste, is able to naturally attract microorganisms, kickstarting the decomposition process. Decomposition, the primary way of recycling food waste, generates methane, a greenhouse gas – this means it’s a gas that absorbs and emits radiant energy.
This so-called biogas can be captured and transformed into energy, through anaerobic digestion, as the microorganisms that aid the process of decomposition are able to break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen.
So, to put it in a few simple words, decomposing bio-waste means recycling biodegradable waste into nutrient-rich and reusable materials that can later be added to the soil, as a form of fertilizer.
In many parts of the world, bio-waste is often separated from regular waste, meaning that such waste is removed and isolated from the waste stream. This method reduces the unnecessary volumes of municipal waste, allowing biodegradable waste to be composted and recycled properly.