With Brexit still up in the air, the Draft Environment Bill will set out how the UK will govern the natural environment following the exit from the European Union. All new environmental laws after Brexit Day in March 2019 will be reflected by the Draft Environment Bill in order for the UK to continue with the positive environmental work that has been achieved whilst being a member of the bloc.
The Draft Environment Bill was first publicised by Prime Minister Theresa May back in July 2018 and it is built on three main premises, which will form environmental law and long-term accountability after Brexit Day.
These three premises are:
- The creation of an independent environmental watchdog
- The integration of various environmental principles in UK law
- The placement of a new 25 Year Environment Plan (25 YEP)
The new watchdog will be called the Office of Environmental Protection (OEP) and will be responsible for all the environmental law enforcement, providing impartial advice as well as operating surveillance. The OEP will be the UK’s version of the European Commission and European Environment Agency after Brexit Day. The key role of the OEP will be to keep a record of the government’s Environmental Improvement Plans (EIP) which is currently the 25 YEP, however, this is subject to change.
The Draft Environment Bill will include the integration of EU environmental laws into UK law to ensure that the country’s environmental laws are up to date after Brexit. There are still many EU laws which are not officially part of UK law that needs to be integrated in order to meet the government’s new environmental targets.
The 25 Year Environment Plan (25 YEP) will set out the UK government’s goals to help improve the environment within a generation and to leave it in a better state than we found it. This will include new environmental targets such as clean air, clean and plentiful water, mitigating and adapting to climate change, minimising waste and managing exposure to chemicals.